Monday, June 29, 2020

Computerized physician order entry system is an effective health information technology

The Use of Health Information Technology to Improve Quality and Increase Safety Abstract The need of incorporating effective health information technology that can track down essential clinical processes and outcomes cannot be ignored. The revolution of technology has both positive and negative impact on the quality and safety of healthcare delivery. These technologies offer improved quality care through cost effective retrieval and sharing of patient’s health information thereby addressing the problem of medical error associated with quality and safety of healthcare delivery. However, various institutions are still adamant on adopting such technologies due to the belief that healthcare information technologies are expensive and difficult to implement as their return on investment cannot be effectively determined. This write up explains how computerized physician order entry (CPOE) technology could be used in addressing medical error reporting challenge. It also evaluates the possible outcomes of the implementation of   this information technology, and pointing out stakeholders concerns which might arise from implementing the technology. Moreover, it highlights how the return on the investment could be determined. Introduction As pointed out by Conway Clancy (2009), medical error reporting is a challenge that has adversely affected the quality and safety of health care delivery. It is a preventable event which may result into inappropriate medical use thereby harming the patient. They note that, failure by healthcare professionals to effectively prescribe, transcribe, dispense, administer, monitor, and measure the patient’s healthcare information raises a lot of concerns on the escalating cost and quality of health care being delivered. Ward, Spragens Smithson (2006), thus believe that improving patients’ safety in the hospital through incorporating effective health information technology can scale up the quality of health care being delivered. This write up thus, explains how computerized physician order entry (CPOE) technology could be used in addressing medical error reporting challenge. It also evaluates the possible outcomes of   implementing this information technology while also po inting out to some of the stakeholders concerns which might arise from implementing the technology. Moreover, it highlights how the return on the investment could be determined. Evaluating Health Information Technology According to Anderson, Ramanujam Hensel (2006), the research conducted by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) showed that there were reported cases between 44,000 and 98,000 of death which mainly occurred due to medical errors reporting. They note that these medical errors ranged from prescription errors to medication errors. Therefore, to address this concern, they noted the need to develop effective health care information technology, that would reduce medication errors by deploying standardized health care reporting of necessary data. Of these technologies, computerized physician order entry (CPOE) has been considered an effective health care information technology which can help in addressing the challenge of providing quality and timely medical aid. As pointed out by Devine, et.al (2010), CPOE has been projected through medical practice as a basic system which has improved patient’s safety especially by reducing prominent medication errors, and even advancing the drug events. Based on the pretest-post-test study, CPOE has unlimited clinical decision capabilities, which gives an organizational action for healthcare professionals and remedy to the associated systemic problem. As Anderson, Ramanujam Hensel (2006) observe, medication errors normally originate from poorly designed healthcare system and not due to negligence of healthcare provider. Therefore, by offering organizational change to patient safety, CPOE addresses medical error reporting menace. However, as Wachter (2006) points out, implementing CPOE technology might result into unforeseen quality measurements which may affect the effective delivery of healthcare services. In addition, he notes that CPOE only focus on improving the performance of healthcare delivery through measured variables, thereby leaving out other essential variables. For instance, in rating the administration of vaccines through CPOE, the system leaves out the content of patient’s vaccination records. The physician will thus face uncertainty of patient’s past vaccination records, thereby failing to administer vaccines as required. The implementation of CPOE, as Conway Clancy (2009) observe, raises stakeholder’s concern on the continuous escalating health care cost and the quality of healthcare being delivered. They note that, while CPOE increases value-driven healthcare delivery through effective public reporting, uncoordinated patient’s outcomes can be produced by clinicians who are unable to incorporate better clinical practices due to available disparate pay-for-performance programs. This means that the return to investment for CPOE can be determined by analyzing the overall net savings and operating budget savings of healthcare institutions. As Kaushal, et.al (2006) points out, by measuring the estimated benefits of CPOE system in Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH), the technology was projected to result into $16.7 million net savings and a further $9.5 million savings on net operating cost. According to them, investing in CPOE will not only improve patient’s safety, but also help in saving money. In conclusion, computerized physician order entry (CPOE) system is an effective health information technology, which can be used in addressing medical error reporting problem. It is imperative for healthcare institution to implement such a technology, whose benefits can be measured and investment returns determined. Order an essay on health from our  Nursing Paper Writing Service !

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Compensated Dating in Hong Kong - 886 Words

Introduction Compensated dating (CD) – a relationship with mainly financial support, in Hong Kong seems to be sprouting up among adolescent. CD is similar to juvenile prostitution (JP) but is not exactly the same. It is not necessarily involving sexual intercourse but a wide variety of nonsexual and sexual services are involved in CD. A study shown that even the prevalent rate of CD in HK was lower than those shown in Western and Asian counterparts, it was alarming. Furthermore, there is a risk that CD may turn out to become JP since most adolescent who engaged in CD used the term CD to make them a disparate sense from the stigmatic term prostitute (Lee Shek, 2013). Although they thought that they could choose the kind of service†¦show more content†¦Impacts Physical Early adolescent may come across violence in CD and they may not seek for help as they do not want others know what they are doing. Risky sexual behavior may cause venereal disease or irrecoverable damag e their reproductive systems which are still developing. Psychosocial Hong Kong is an international modern city, but is deeply affected by traditional Chinese culture, sex related issues are often a taboo. Society seems CD as an improper transaction, even it is different from prostitute, it is a â€Å"dirty† way to earn money. Early adolescent who engaged in CD may avoid letting parents and schoolmates to notice their â€Å"job†, this may develop stress and isolation from social circle by themselves. It would be more serious if CD is known by others, others may act biasedly. They would be difficult to obtain a normal healthy relationship again after breaking away from CD. In addition to the impact on physical, the unpleasant experience can result in a lifelong psychological trauma. Cultural Early adolescent is in a state to enhance their own identity, besides fulfilling personal needs, they desire to buy fashionable brand costume and accessories. As they are still at t he ages that cannot legally hire them out for work without parents’ permission, CD is the only way to earn money, it is also easy and quick. Their moralShow MoreRelatedCompensated Dating1854 Words   |  8 PagesEnjo kÃ… sai From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Enjo-kÃ… sai (æ  ´Ã¥Å  ©Ã¤ º ¤Ã©Å¡â€º) (shortened form enkÃ…  (æ  ´Ã¤ º ¤) means compensated dating and is a practice which originated in Japan where older men give money and/or luxury gifts to attractive women for their companionship and, possibly, for sexual favors. The female participants range from primarily school-aged girls to housewives. A common misconception is that enjo-kÃ… sai always involves some form of sexual activity. The term enjo-kÃ… sai first appeared in the AsahiRead MoreProject Managment Case Studies214937 Words   |  860 PagesConstruction Company The Lyle Construction Project 652 615 Con tents ix Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited: Hongkong Bank Headquarters (A) 635 Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited: Hongkong Bank Headquarters (B) (see handout provided by instructor) Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited: Hongkong Bank Headquarters (C) (see handout provided by instructor) Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited: Hongkong Bank Headquarters (Cl) (see handoutRead MoreEssay about Hold Up Problem19245 Words   |  77 Pagesin selling prices that were no longer competitive.’’ Their claim is also internally inconsistent with their incorrect assertion (id.) that ‘‘General Motors was able to update pricing provisions because it had a controlling interest in Fisher Body dating back to 1919.’’ (See Section IIB infra for documentation that GM did not obtain control of Fisher Body in 1919.) 33 Coase, supra note 4, at 24. 34 Id. 116 the journal of law and economics haps after a side payment was made by GM to Fisher)Read MorePepsi Prospectus112807 Words   |  452 Pages................................ The Government of the Republic of the Philippines Guoco Group .................................... Guoco Group Limited and its subsidiaries, including our shareholders Guoco Assets (Philippines), Inc. and Hong Way Holdings, Inc. International Offer ............................. 799,644,680 Offer Shares that are being offered by us and the Selling Shareholders and sold outside the Philippines and the United States to: (i) non-U.S. persons in relianceRead MoreMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words   |  702 Pagesamount to 50 minutes from New York City to London, and almost two hours between Singapore and London. Further time savings would come from the plane flying to point-to-point destinations, bypassing layovers at such congested hubs as London and Hong Kong. Delivery was expected in 2007 or 2008. Both companies had undergone major organizational changes. As of January 1, 2001, Airbus was no longer a four-nation consortium, but now a unit of European Aeronautic Defence Space (EADS), an integratedRead MoreMerger and Acquisition: Current Issues115629 Words   |  463 Pagesquantitative models for portfolio management and hedge funds. On the academic side, he is currently a Professor of Finance at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland and at the EDHEC Business School, France. He was formerly a visiting professor at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, held the Deloitte Touche Chair on Risk Management at the University of Antwerp, Belgium, and was an associate professor of finance at Thunderbird, the American Graduate School of International Management. HisRead MoreUAE Consumer Lifestyle Analysis42818 Words   |  172 Pages72 million in 2009. Currently, the household penetration rate of broadband internet-enabled computers in the UAE is nearly 19%. According to a recent survey by MasterCard, UAE residents spend more on average in online shopping than residents of Hong Kong, Singapore and Australia. Numerous new online shopping sites are being established. Saeid Hijazi launched Nahel.com in 2009, and only two months later roughly 25,000 people had visited his site to browse through the 10,000 items on offer. ProductsRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesUniversity Timothy A. Judge —University of Notre Dame i3iEi35Bj! Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Editorial Director: Sally Yagan Director of Editorial Services: Ashley Santora Acquisitions Editor: Brian Mickelson Editorial Project Manager: Sarah Holle Editorial Assistant: Ashlee Bradbury VP Director of Marketing:Read MoreHuman Resources Management150900 Words   |  604 Pagesmanagement deals with the design of formal systems in an organization to ensure the effective and efficient use of human talent to accomplish organizational goals. In an organization, the management of human resources means that they must be recruited, compensated, trained, and developed. † HR Management Challenges The environment faced by HR management is a challenging one; changes are occurring rapidly across a wide range of issues. A study by the Hudson Institute, entitled Workforce 2020, has highlightedRead MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words   |  1186 Pagescreating something new and innovative. Project managers and team members can feel immense pride in their accomplishment, whether it is a new bridge, a new product, or needed service. Project managers are often stars in their organization and well compensated. Good project managers are always in demand. Every industry is looking for effective people who can get the right things done on time. Clearly, project management is a challenging and exciting profession. This text is intended to provide the necessary

Friday, May 15, 2020

Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne and The Most...

Both â€Å" Young Goodman Brown† and â€Å" The Most Dangerous Game† have themes of a loss of innocence, yet each store employs a different way of getting there. The exact meaning of this loss of innocence also differs in each story. In â€Å" Young Goodman Brown†, written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, shows us a man that loses his innocent view of the world. By the end he is a man with now hope and no faith. In â€Å" The Most Dangerous Game†, written by Richard Connell, we watch as a man falls from a powerful hunter into a savage murderer. Hawthorne tells us the story of Brown, a young man that is married to his wife of three months. (Hawthorn, pg 91). The name of his bride is faith, a name that should not be ignored. He leaves her to go to the towns communion.†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"What a wretch am I, to leave her on such an errand!† (Hawthorne pg 91) He is angry with himself, he doesnt know that something sinister is happening within the town. This will be this characters downfall. He has trust for the people in the town that he grew up in. Moving over to â€Å"The Most Dangerous Game†, we see a different kind of Innocence. An Innocence of beliefs and character. It is never said that Rainsford is young. We know from the story that he is old enough to be well traveled and been on many hunts against man types of different prey. He treats â€Å" The Hunt† as a game, but has respect for it. He enjoys making them â€Å"understand one thing- fear. The fear of pain and the fear of death.† (Connel, pg1). It is a sport against animals, he would never heart an animal. This belief is challenge when he is introduced to General Zarroff. A man that tells him â€Å" I wanted the ideal animal to hunt....It must have courage, cunning and , above all, it must be able to reason.† (Connel, pg 7). The General was hunting humans. Rainsford cannot believe that Zarroff is doing this. He even tells the general that he is committing murder. We see in their exchange the innocence of Rainsford. He is a hunter, but has never committed a crime such as murder. He is highly against the idea of hunting actual people. The Climax is where we are introduced to a loss of innocence. This looks different for each character. Goodman Brown has it happen in and instance, where RainsfordShow MoreRelatedComparison of Themes in In The Most Dangerous Game by Richard Connell and â€Å"Young Goodman Brown† by Nathaniel Hawthorne 596 Words   |  3 Pagesâ€Å"The Most Dangerous Game† by Richard Connell and â€Å"Young Goodman Brown† by Nathaniel Hawthorne both stories have very different themes. Brown is a man that has followed the right path all his life suddenly is challenged to face temptaion and ending all his curosity. He decides to go into the forest to face the devil. In Richard Connells short story he centers his theme around how far peoople will go when they fear for their life, people will do anything to survive. I. Young Goodman Brown

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Feminism And The Vote Of Women - 885 Words

Feminism And The Vote The link between feminism and voting is strong, as it should be. For this reason, it is crucial for women to exercise their power to vote. This is important because today, even after women’s suffrage was achieved, the woman’s right to vote is still in question, and for these some, it is still not enough to justify this right. These advocates believe that even though women may legally have the right, they are not competent enough to engage in such activity. To say that the vote of women means nothing and that they lack the competency is by far asinine. Women are not inferior to men no matter the circumstance, but evidently some need a little reminder. It is because of such blatant attempts to prove that women are not capable that the fact that they are needs to be revisited, regardless of how many times, long as this still is an issue and a barrier of discrimination that women face daily. Why is the woman’s vote important? Is the feminist voter turnout higher when a female candidate is on the ballot or is the turnout the same with a male candidate as long as the topics are the same? Do feminists vote on every issue or are they more likely to vote on topics that affect women and their rights? Feminists are women who are educated, informed, well rounded, the perfect combination, so to say that their voice for women does not count is far from accurate. In the United States, as informed citizens, feminists appreciate the right to vote on a muchShow MoreRelatedFeminism And The Feminist Movement Essay1292 Words   |  6 Pagesall, the push for women s suffrage and rights was strong, but further enhanced by leaders like Alice Paul and Jane Addams. The idea of equal rights for all was further scrutinized and contested after civil rights were granted to former slaves. Women began to push for similar equality as illustrated through the feminist movement. The feminist movement became very large and sprouted subsections, one being a subsection of feminism known as social feminism. This branch of feminism was more interestedRead MoreFeminism And The World Of The 2016 Election884 Words   |  4 PagesFeminism and Intersectionality are at the forefront of the 2016 election. While feminism is still viewed in somewhat limited terms of promoting the equality and status of women, Intersectionality is defined in much broader language, as the interconnection of race, gender, ability, and class in the social world. Moreover, all of these intersecting categories overlap and cannot be separated. Thus, the traditional view of feminism, that promotes the equality of women first and foremost, is often pittedRead MoreThree Waves Of Feminism Essay1406 Words   |  6 PagesThree Waves Of Feminism Seeing the title the first thing that comes to our mind is â€Å" What is Feminism†? feminism is a belief where a woman s needs and their contributions are valued. It’s based on the social, political and economical equality for women. It is also described as a movement. Where women are fighting for their right since evolution. Now, what about the word â€Å"wave†? The word â€Å"wave† which categorizes feminism because it illustrates the forward motion- of the women s movements. ItRead MoreWomens Legal and Political Rights Essay1275 Words   |  6 Pagesthough some improvements were made, the issue of giving women the vote was still highly opposed. Feminism is linked to the womens movement and is commonly connected with two basic beliefs, that women are disadvantaged because of their sex, and that this disadvantage should be overthrown. Since the nineteenth century womens movement gained a central focus of the campaign for female suffrage and the right to vote. It was Mary Wollstonecraft and Lucretia Mott, who canRead MoreWomen s Privilege By Athlone Mcginnis1409 Words   |  6 PagesFeminism is an important liberation movement all around the world fighting for equal rights for women due to their oppression in a male dominated world. For most of time, men have had the upper hand in everything in comparison to women. In regards to Why Modern Feminism is White Women’s Privilege by Athlone McGinnis, â€Å"the core of the feminist movement is its opposition to â€Å"traditional gender roles.† In the western world, women have traditionally taken on the role of a housewife, while men provideRead MoreWomen s Rights Are Still A Problem Today1524 Words   |  7 Pages Women’s rights are still a problem today. Not necessarily rights but how they are treated and how sexist some people are. I personally don’t like how some of the men treat women. They don’t think women can do things for themselves, if we try to be equal or have the same kind of job they discriminate them, because they think men should be in charge and be the leader. Although the campaign for women’s suffrage started before the civil war you can see how long it took them to get what they wantedRead MoreThe Roots Of Feminism : The Fight For Equality1304 Words   |  6 PagesFeminism at its roots was a challenge to patriarchal standards and the exclusion of women from the workplace. Women since the early 1850s have been fighting for equality whether it be for respect or representation in politics, women wanted the same rights as men. The core of feminism although similar in all aspects there are fluxes in the motive behind the motive during the next century and decades. The women’s movement was originally meant for working class white women who wanted to be equal toRead MoreFeminism : An Definition Of Feminism1281 Words   |  6 PagesWhen one hears the term â€Å"Feminism†, she/he may have the idea that it is the urge and desire to gain rights for women. While that is true, it does not describe feminism in its entirety. Many people misinterpret what this term means based on media and people who do not know better. Many people who may misinterpret feminism may describe it as a movement to make women superior to men. They may say that those who claim to be a feminist are ones who hate men and strive to assert themselves aboveRead MoreFeminism : The Word That Strikes Fear Into Everyone s Heart1278 Words   |  6 PagesFeminism: the word that strikes fear into everyone’s heart. When you think of a woman labeled a feminist, what do you picture? If you answered a man-hating lesbian, who is a hostile, cruel and Nazi-like woman’s rights activist, then you are wrong. Way wrong. Feminism, by definition, is â€Å"the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities; the theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes† (Watson 1). In other words, feminism is not solely about gaining equalRead MoreA Nutshell Solitary Word Is A Basic Human Right1430 Words   |  6 PagesFeminism in a nutshell solitary word is: equality- a basic human right that has been the basis of every social movement throughout history and history to come. In one way or another, every ethnicity, race, and gender has been oppressed in some form. All of the â€Å"-isms† have fought to shed light and bring about change to these â€Å"lesser† groups. Feminists are no exception. Feminism has many branches: radical feminism, cultural feminism, liberal feminism, anti-porn feminism, pro-sex feminism, third-wave

Taking a Look at Nursing - 797 Words

The nursing profession is commonly recognized as an essential component of healthcare with nurses representing the largest number of healthcare providers to date. Unfortunately for years, the minimum educational requirement to enter into nursing practice has yet to be standardized to meet the progressive needs required of healthcare providers. Presently, the option of enrollment into nursing programs of varying lengths and curricula that result in the same licensure and professional privileges places major concern on the quality of healthcare and the competencies required of the nursing professional. According to Taylor (2008), â€Å"despite having strength in numbers, nurses are the least educated of all the interdisciplinary healthcare team members with whom they collaborate† (p. 612). While other health professions recognize the importance of delivering patient care at the highest level requiring at bachelor’s degree and in some cases an advanced degree as the standa rd for entry into practice, the nursing arena has failed to follow suit. Ceaseless educational, cultural, societal, and technological advances in healthcare necessitate the requirement to obtain a baccalaureate degree in nursing to practice at the entry-level. At minimum, nurses should encompass the instructive and clinical readiness similar to the broadened obligations of healthcare. Without a set standard to enter into the practice of nursing, the risk of lower patient outcomes and lack of competency amongstShow MoreRelatedTaking a Look at Nursing Theory979 Words   |  4 PagesThe term nursing theory defines the body of knowledge given to specific aspects in the nursing profession. There are many theories that range from practice theories, mid-range theories, to grand theories. A theory refers to a group of related concepts, definitions, and statements that describe a certain phenomena from which to describe explain or predict outcomes. (Barnum) The theory guides the professiona l nurse in making clinical judgments based on evidence. It does so by using appropriate dataRead MoreTaking a Look at Trauma Nursing1478 Words   |  6 Pagessituation that a trauma nurse will find his or herself in every day. Because of the fast paced situations that require split-second critical decisions, the advanced life support training that is required, and the often unrewarded care, a career in trauma nursing must not be entered into lightly. When the word trauma is used, it is often associated with motor vehicle accidents (MVA). While there are many trauma cases that result from MVAs, trauma can also mean gun-shot wounds (GSW), stabbings, assault withRead MoreNursing : A Concept Idea Called The Nursing1535 Words   |  7 Pages What is Nursing? Nursing does not have a simple definition, it is rather a mix of complex ideas. Nursing is not only the practice of providing care for the sick and injured but caring for the whole person beyond the physical state. Nursing is providing mental care by interacting with families and assuring them of quality care. For this reason, people in the field of nursing need to be outstanding communicators and relationship oriented by showing empathy and professionalism. They need to be advocatesRead MoreCareer Path For Nursing At Hospice Facility971 Words   |  4 Pagescontinuous education. Eventually, my goal is to pursue a career in nursing at hospice facility. Thus far, I have gained a lot of experience in the healthcare field as a surgical technician. This experience will be very imperative to my nursing career path. During my experience as a surgical technician I had to properly care for patients, be knowledgeable of several medical procedures, and be CPR certified. Caring for patients included taking vital signs, providing activities of daily living, collectingRead MoreBSN vs. ADN1117 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿ Baccalaureate Nurses vs. Associate Nurses October 20, 2013 Baccalaureate Nurses vs. Associate Nurses Is having a Baccalaureate Degree in Nursing (BSN) better than an Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN)? Why should nurses get a BSN? Many nurses ask themselves these questions. Hospitals are pushing for nurses to advance their education. If there is an ADN nurse and BSN nurse applying for the same position most likely the BSN nurse will receive the job before the ADN nurse becauseRead MoreNotes On Paper On Nursing1615 Words   |  7 PagesNotes on Nursing Halie Cartner, Shanitra McNealy, Ashlee Homer, Sharee Walker Queens University of Charlotte Notes on Nursing Florence Nightingale was the founder of modern nursing (Smith Parker, 2015). She was born in Italy, France and spent majority of her childhood years traveling the European countries with her family. Nightingales was open-minded, generous, and valued the life of others (Smith Parker, 2015). She was a woman of strong faith who studied a variety of religionsRead MoreReflecting On The On Myself1320 Words   |  6 Pagesschool. I was able to receive my CNA (Certified Nursing Assistant) through the class. When my class started going to our clinical sites that the following semester, I automatically clicked with the residents. I felt like I built this special bond with the elderly. This was when I started leaning towards geriatrics. I have been certified for almost four years and I would not regret one minute of it. I have also been employed for almost three years at a nursing home here in Columbus. As the semester isRead MorePreparing For A Nursing School917 Words   |  4 Pages Preparing for nursing school could be very stressful. I want to make sure that I am preparing for nursing school in every way. Taking Nursing School Success course has educated me on several different areas that are important to succeed nursing school. Making sure that I am organized and prepared for class early are two tasks out of several that are important as I major in nursing. I have a few weaknesses when it comes to school. One of my weaknesses is nervousness. I tend to get nervous when it’sRead MoreReflection Paper On Nursing Exams1492 Words   |  6 PagesJournal 2 – Maren Lewallen Nursing Exams These new experiences of nursing exams was an interesting time for me. I found out more about my testing, studying and many other skills to help my in excelling in 111 and other classes on campus. At first, I was very scared at just the word â€Å"exam†. I didn’t feel that I was going to do well on the first nursing exam. I didn’t have the studying habits created for myself yet. I didn’t believe I had the confidence for that first nursing exam. I began to put myselfRead MoreA Brief Note On Nursing And Self Care1131 Words   |  5 Pages Nursing and Self Care Leslie Hunter University of Central Missouri â€Æ' Nursing and Self Care Introduction On the front page of the American Nurses Association’s webpage, you see their complete definition of what being a professional nurse is, â€Å"Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities

Medical Benefits and Risks Involved in Male Circumcision free essay sample

Medical Benefits and Risks Involved in Male Circumcision BY kin123 Male Circumcision A surgical procedure for males that is so easily overlooked and such a norm for many to undergo, male circumcision is a topic one must be educated about. Male circumcision according to Mayo Clinic is the surgical removal of the skin covering the tip of the pens (Mayo Clinic). It is commonly done on newborns, although it can be done later in life as well. The United States and other places around the world including Africa and Europe participate in this removal of the foreskin, but the uestion is why do so many do so? Is it because of health reasons or cultural norms? As so many people do it, why might some be so against it? Male circumcision is a major controversy and is a debatable topic. There are many sides to the idea of male circumcision. I believe that there is no right or wrong as long as you are educated and informed about the pros and cons of the procedure and decide knowledgeably. Many parents decide to circumcise their boys as newborns with the intent that its a health precaution as well as a protection against sexually transmitted diseases. There are many studies that show results that males have a lower chance of getting HIV if circumcised, it is not limited to Just the US but other countries too. A Journal by Bertran Auvert revealed acceptability of male circumcision among uncircumcised men in southern Africa is high, at about 60 70% (Auvert 150-151). So with many studies with similar results many organizations including The World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS are implementing national male circumcision programs to help prevent the spread of HIV (Auvert 150-151). While programs and eople are pushing for circumcision for the prevention of STDs and infections, there are also discussions to improve techniques done in some countries including Africa. As a Journal I came across put it redirecting male circumcision from traditional providers to hygienic clinics (Gilliam, Brooks, Leibowitz, Klosinski, Sawires, Szekeres, Weston, and Coates 1207-1211). This will ensure a safe male circumcision that will be less prone to any complications. As Helen A. Weiss and her colleagues stated, traditional circumcision as a rite of passage is associated with substantially greater isks, more severe complications than medical circumcision among neonates (Helen , Larke, Halperin, and Schenker). Although circumcision does show some possible medical benefits there are many risks involved that should be put into account as well. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, in circumstances in which there are potential benefits and risks, yet the procedure is not essential to the childs current well-being, parents should determine what is in the best interest of the child (AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS 686-693). Since the procedure isnt ecessary for ones well being, the complications may out weigh the potential benefits to some people. Surgical risks associated with circumcision, particularly bleeding, penile injury, and local infection, as well as the consequences of the pain experienced witn neonatal circumcision are valid concerns that require appropriate responses (Bailey, Moses, and Ronald 368-373). This goes to show that circumcision isnt Just any procedure that should be taken lightly rather thoroughly considered. Male circumcision shouldnt be done to fit in or beca use its a norm around us. It should be a decision made based upon knowledge and knowing all risks and benefits of the procedure. I think that the conclusion Stephen Moses, Robert C Bailey, and Allan R Ronald made is nicely put, a decision as to whether to recommend male circumcision in a given society should be based upon an assessment of the risk for and occurrence of the diseases which are associated with the presence of the foreskin, versus the risk of the complications of the procedure. In order for individuals and their families to make an informed decision, they should be provided ith the best available evidence regarding the known benefits and risks (Bailey, Moses, and Ronald 368-373). The Sterk article was very interesting and gave me an idea of how to go about my research. It was intriguing how Claire Sterk actually engaged with prostitutes and eventually got to know their lives from the inside. Her observations and interactions with the prostitutes were a key to conducting her research. Sterk developed trust and a relationship with her target group, which is a smart idea. She states, both parties need to get to know each other, become aware nd accepting for each others roles, and engage in a reciprocal relationship (Sterk pg. 3). I think she went about her research in a great way. Although my research isnt going to be as hands on, I will definitely go about her methods when asking questions to my participants, such as keeping my opinions to myself and refraining from presenting myself as an expert (Sterk pg. 3). Some questions and topics I would ask participants will pertain to what they think of male circumcision in general and if it is a topic of concern to them. Also I would proceed in asking if they talk about ircumcision with friends or if they heard stories pertaining to male circumcision whether good or bad. I would also be sure to find out what stereotypes or myths they have heard about circumcision. I want to ask college kids my age so they will be more prone to answer and to have an insight on what they think for they will be parents one day and will have to make that decision. I will find people around I-JPs campus and ask a few of my friends to participate. I will also have adults and even have elders opinion of this topic. I would make the conversation and questions asked elaxed and easy so people will hopefully respond truthfully.